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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Pilocytic astrocytoma


Other Names for this Disease

  • Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma
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Overview

Pilocytic astrocytoma is an often benign, slow-growing tumor of the brain or spinal cord. The tumor may be in the form of a cyst and usually does not spread to nearby tissues. Symptoms vary depending upon the size and location of the tumor. Most symptoms result from increased pressure on the brain and include headaches, nausea, vomiting, balance problems, and vision abnormalities. The underlying cause of a pilocytic astrocytoma is unknown. It most commonly occurs in children and young adults, and in people with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis. This type of tumor can often be cured with surgery.[1][2][3]
Last updated: 8/9/2013

References

  1. General Information About Adult Brain Tumors. National Cancer Institute (NCI). July 2011; http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adultbrain/Patient#Keypoint5. Accessed 9/16/2011.
  2. Juvenile Pilocytic Astrocytoma. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2007; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/775/viewAbstract. Accessed 9/15/2011.
  3. Pilocytic Astrocytoma. National Brain Tumor Society. 2013; http://www.braintumor.org/patients-family-friends/about-brain-tumors/tumor-types/pilocytic-astrocytoma.html. Accessed 8/9/2013.
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Basic Information

  • The National Cancer Institute provides the most current information on cancer for patients, health professionals, and the general public.  Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

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Other Names for this Disease
  • Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.