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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta

Other Names for this Disease
  • Mucha-Habermann disease
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What are the signs and symptoms of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA)?

PLEVA is a skin disorder that is a more severe form of pityriasis lichenoides. The first symptom of the disease is usually red patches that quickly evolve into papules. The papules erupt into lesions that are filled with puss and blood, which often heals with scarring and changes in skin coloring (pigmentation), either becoming darker or lighter. The skin eruption may cause burning or itching and can look like chicken pox.  The face is rarely affected, but the spots are usually scattered on the trunk and limbs. Those with PLEVA may also experience a low-grade fever, headache, malaise (a vague feeling of bodily discomfort), and severe joint pain; these symptoms may occasionally precede or accompany the skin findings.[1][2]
Last updated: 1/3/2012

  1. Ersoy-Evans S, Fernanda Greco M, Mancini AJ, Subasi N, Paller AS.  Pityriasis lichenoides in childhood: A retrospective review of 124 patients.  J Am Acad Dermatol. Feb 2007; 56(2): 205-210.
  2. Bowers S, Warshaw EM.  Pityriasis lichenoides and its subtypes.  J Am Acad Dermatol. Oct 2006; 55(4): 557-572.