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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Epithelial basement membrane corneal dystrophy


Other Names for this Disease
  • Cogan corneal dystrophy
  • Corneal dystrophy, anterior basement membrane
  • Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy of cornea
  • Microcystic dystrophy of the cornea
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Treatment


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How might epithelial basement membrane corneal dystrophy be treated?

Because most people do not develop noticeable signs or symptoms, treatment usually is not necessary. However, if treatment is needed, doctors will try to control the pain associated with the epithelial erosions. They may patch the eye to immobilize it, or prescribe lubricating eye drops and ointments. With treatment, these erosions usually heal within three days, although periodic flashes of pain may occur for several weeks thereafter. Other treatments include anterior corneal punctures to allow better adherence of cells; corneal scraping to remove eroded areas of the cornea and allow regeneration of healthy epithelial tissue; and use of the excimer laser to remove surface irregularities.[1]

An article from eMedicine Journal provides additional information on treatment for epithelial basement membrane corneal dystrophy at the following link. You may need to register to view the article, but registration is free.
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1193945-treatment#showall
Last updated: 6/30/2011

References
  1. Facts About the Cornea and Corneal Disease. National Eye Institute (NEI). June 2011; http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/cornealdisease/#j. Accessed 6/30/2011.


Alternative and Complementary Medicine

  • The medical textbook, published in 1998 entitled, Genetic Diseases of the Eye, edited by Elias Traboulsi has a chapter on corneal diseases including epithelial basement membrane dystrophy on page 220 - 223. Includes information about the clinical features, histopathology and pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and treatment.