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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Myotonic dystrophy type 2


Other Names for this Disease

  • DM2
  • Dystrophia myotonica type 2
  • Myotonic myopathy, proximal
  • PROMM
  • Proximal myotonic myopathy
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Symptoms

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What are the signs and symptoms of myotonic dystrophy type 2?

Myotonic dystrophy type 2 is characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness. Symptoms typically begin in a person's twenties. People with this condition often have prolonged muscle contractions (myotonia) and are not able to relax certain muscles after use. For example, a person may have difficulty releasing their grip on a doorknob or handle. Also, affected people may have slurred speech; temporary locking of their jaw; and muscle pain and weakness that mainly affects the neck, shoulders, elbows, and hips. Less common symptoms include abnormalities of the electrical signals that control the heartbeat (cardiac conduction defects); clouding of the lens in the eyes (cataracts); and diabetes. Males may experience balding and infertility. The severity of symptoms varies among affected people. Compared to myotonic dystrophy type 1, type 2 is milder and does not necessarily shorten a person's lifespan.[1][2]
Last updated: 2/10/2014

The Human Phenotype Ontology provides the following list of signs and symptoms for Myotonic dystrophy type 2. If the information is available, the table below includes how often the symptom is seen in people with this condition. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary to look up the definitions for these medical terms.

Signs and Symptoms Approximate number of patients (when available)
Cataract 90%
Myotonia 90%
Autosomal dominant inheritance -
Diabetes mellitus -
Elevated follicle stimulating hormone -
Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase -
Frontal balding -
Hypogonadism -
IgG deficiency -
IgM deficiency -
Insulin insensitivity -
Iridescent posterior subcapsular cataract -
Myalgia -
Neck flexor weakness -
Oligospermia -
Palpitations -
Proximal muscle weakness -
Tachycardia -
Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy -

Last updated: 9/2/2014

The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) has collected information on how often a sign or symptom occurs in a condition. Much of this information comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. The frequency of a sign or symptom is usually listed as a rough estimate of the percentage of patients who have that feature.

The frequency may also be listed as a fraction. The first number of the fraction is how many people had the symptom, and the second number is the total number of people who were examined in one study. For example, a frequency of 25/25 means that in a study of 25 people all patients were found to have that symptom. Because these frequencies are based on a specific study, the fractions may be different if another group of patients are examined.

Sometimes, no information on frequency is available. In these cases, the sign or symptom may be rare or common.


References
  1. Myotonic dystrophy. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). November 2010; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=myotonicdystrophy. Accessed 5/11/2011.
  2. Dalton JC, Ranum LPW, Day JW. Myotonic Dystrophy Type 2. GeneReviews. April 23, 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1466/. Accessed 4/8/2012.


Other Names for this Disease
  • DM2
  • Dystrophia myotonica type 2
  • Myotonic myopathy, proximal
  • PROMM
  • Proximal myotonic myopathy
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.