Print friendly version
Fetal akinesia deformation sequence
Other Names for this Disease
- Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita with pulmonary hypoplasia
- Fetal akinesia sequence
- Pena-Shokeir syndrome, type 1
arthrogryposis), facial anomalies, underdevelopment of the lungs (pulmonary hypoplasia) and other developmental abnormalities. It is generally accepted that this condition is not a true diagnosis or a specific syndrome, but rather a description of a group of abnormalities resulting from fetal akinesia. About 30% of affected individuals are stillborn; many liveborn infants survive only a short time due to complications of pulmonary hypoplasia. FADS may be inherited in an autosomal recessive manner in some cases and may sometimes be caused by mutations in the RAPSN or DOK7 genes.Fetal akinesia deformation sequence (FADS) is a condition characterized by decreased fetal movement (fetal akinesia) as well as intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR), multiple joint contractures (
Last updated: 10/3/2012
- Fetal akinesia deformation sequence. Orphanet. July 2005; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?Lng=EN&Expert=994. Accessed 10/2/2012.
- JG Hall. Pena-Shokeir phenotype (fetal akinesia deformation sequence) revisited. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. August 2009; 85(8):677-694.
- F Hoellen et al. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and Pena-Shokeir phenotype: challenge of prenatal diagnosis--report of 21 cases, antenatal findings and review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2011; 30(4):289-298.
- Fetal Akinesia Deformation Sequence; FADS. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). April 2010; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim/208150. Accessed 6/29/2011.
On this page
In Depth Information
- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Fetal akinesia deformation sequence. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.