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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Mulibrey Nanism


Other Names for this Disease

  • Muscle-liver-brain-eye nanism
  • Perheentupa syndrome
  • Pericardial constriction and growth failure
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Symptoms

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What are the signs and symptoms of mulibrey nanism?

Mulibrey nanism (MN) is characterized by progressive growth failure that begins prenatally (before birth). Hypotonia (poor muscle tone) is common. Newborns often have characteristic abnormalities of the head and face, including a triangularly shaped face. Yellow discoloration of the eyes and other ocular abnormalities may be present, but vision is usually normal. More than 90 percent of affected individuals have a J-shaped sella turcica, which is a depression in the sphenoid bone at the base of the skull. Infants with mulibrey nanism may also have symptoms related to overgrowth of the fibrous sac surrounding the heart (constrictive pericarditis). When constrictive pericarditis is present at birth, affected infants may have a bluish discoloration of the skin (cyanosis), especially on the lips and fingertips.[1]

Individuals with MN typically have a high-pitched voice. Other symptoms may include abnormally prominent veins in the neck, congestion in the lungs, abnormal fluid accumulation in the abdomen (ascites), swelling of the arms and/or legs (peripheral edema), and/or enlargement of the heart (cardiac hypertrophy) and/or liver (hepatomegaly). There may also be elevated pressure in the veins, congestion or blockage in the main artery serving the lungs (pulmonary artery), and/or a build-up of fibrous tissue in the walls of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis). Associated complications of these conditions may lead to congestive heart failure.[1]

In some cases, individuals with mulibrey nanism may have additional physical abnormalities, such as an unusually thin shinbone (fibrous tibia dysplasia). Large cerebral ventricles in the brain and delayed motor development are uncommon findings. Most affected individuals have normal intelligence. Individuals with mulibrey nanism often have underdevelopment of various endocrine glands, that leads to hormone deficiencies. Delayed puberty sometimes occurs, accompanied by infrequent or very light menstrual periods. Females have an increased risk for premature ovarian failure and ovarian tumors.[1]
Last updated: 6/2/2011

References
  1. Mulibrey Nanism. NORD. April 12, 2008; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/1040/viewAbstract. Accessed 6/2/2011.


Other Names for this Disease
  • Muscle-liver-brain-eye nanism
  • Perheentupa syndrome
  • Pericardial constriction and growth failure
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.