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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Congenital anosmia

Other Names for this Disease
  • ANIC
  • Isolated congenital anosmia
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Your Question

How common is congenital anosmia?  Is there a cure or any treatment?

Our Answer

We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.

How common is congenital anosmia?

Approximately 5% of the general population has anosmia. Although the exact prevalence is unknown, a much smaller minority, about 1% of those who are anosmic, are classified as having isolated congenital anosmia (or loss of smell that is present at birth with no other symptoms). Isolated congenital anosmia is a diagnosis of exclusion, where people have no recollection of ever being able to smell and no other underlung disease-causing condition can be ascribed. Many people are unaware of their condition until it is clinically diagnosed.[1]
Last updated: 1/27/2012

How might congenital anosmia be treated?

Unfortunately, there is limited information in the available medical literature about the treatment of congenital anosmia. Currently there is no known cure or treatment for this condition.[2]
Last updated: 4/9/2012