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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Congenital anosmia


Other Names for this Disease

  • ANIC
  • Isolated congenital anosmia
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Overview

Congenital anosmia is a very rare condition in which individuals, beginning at birth, have a lifelong inability to smell. Although it can occur alone, it may also be a symptom of another condition such as Kallman syndrome. Congential anosmia in individuals with no other symptoms (isolated congenital anosmia) is thought to be due to errors in the development of the system that enables us to smell (the olfactory system) and may be related to mutations in a gene on chromosome 18. Isolated congenital anosmia is thought to be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.[1]
Last updated: 4/9/2012

References

  1. Ghadami M, et al. Isolated congenital anosmia locus maps to 18p11.23-q12.2. Journal of Medical Genetics. April, 2004; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1735746/pdf/v041p00299.pdf. Accessed 3/9/2011.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) conducts and supports biomedical and behavioral research and research training in the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. Click on the link to view information on this topic. 

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Congenital anosmia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • ANIC
  • Isolated congenital anosmia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.