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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Oral cancer


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Overview

Oral cancer includes cancers of the mouth, lips, and oropharynx (the part of the throat at the back of the mouth).[1] Most cases are designated as squamous cell carcinomas because they begin in the flat cells (squamous cells) that cover the surfaces of the mouth, tongue, and lips.[1] About 35,000 individuals in the United Stated are diagnosed with oral cancer each year.[2] The use of alcohol and/or tobacco is associated with approximately 75 percent of oral cancers.[2] Treatment for oral cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy.[1]
Last updated: 3/9/2010

References

  1. What You Need to Know About Oral Cancer. National Cancer Institute. December 23, 2009; http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/oral/page1. Accessed 3/8/2010.
  2. Oral Cancer. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. March 2, 2010; http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/OralCancer/OralCancer.htm. Accessed 3/8/2010.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

Please contact us with your questions about Oral cancer. We will answer your question and update these pages with new resources and information.

Basic Information

  • You can obtain information on this topic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC is recognized as the lead federal agency for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Cancer Institute provides the most current information on cancer for patients, health professionals, and the general public.  Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), purposes to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information. Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • Cancer.Net, a resource from the American Society of Clinical Oncology, provides information about oral cancer. Click on the above link to access this information.
  • The American Cancer Society provides information about oral cancer. Click on the link to access this information.

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles

  • Kademani D. Oral cancer. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2007 Jul;82(7):878-887. 
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.