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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Arts syndrome

Other Names for this Disease
  • ARTS
  • Lethal ataxia with deafness and optic atrophy
  • Lethal ataxia-deafness-optic atrophy
  • X-linked fatal ataxia with deafness and loss of vision
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Arts syndrome is characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and serious neurological and immune system problems in males. Females can also be affected by this condition, but they typically have much milder symptoms. Arts syndrome is caused by mutations in the PRPS1 gene which is located on the X chromosome. It is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner.[1]
Last updated: 4/8/2014


  1. Arts syndrome. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). August 2009; Accessed 4/8/2014.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Arts syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.