Other Names for this Disease
- Hashimoto's encephalopathy
- Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis
 The condition is characterized by high titers of antithyroid antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Two types of HE have been suggested: a vasculitic type characterized by multiple relapsing-remitting stroke-like episodes and mild cognitive impairment, and a diffuse progressive type characterized by dementia and psychiatric symptoms. Patients are mostly women. Treatment includes steroids, plasmapheresis (plasma exchange), or immunosuppressant medications.Hashimoto's encephalitis (HE) is a rare autoimmune disease with neurological and psychiatric features.
Last updated: 4/16/2010
- Mijajlovic M, Mirkovic M, Dackovic, J et al.. J Neurol Sci. 2010; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19846119. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Mocellin R, Walterfang M, Velakoulis D. CNS Drugs. 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17850170. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Marshall GA, Doyle JJ. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006; http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/18/1/14. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Schiess N, Pardo CA. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18990131. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hashimoto's encephalitis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Marshall GA, Doyle JJ. Long-term treatment of Hashimoto's encephalopathy. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 2006 Winter;18(1):14-20. http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/18/1/14