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Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia
Other Names for this Disease
- Dystonia familial, with visual failure and striatal lucencies
- Leber optic atrophy and dystonia
- Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia
- LHON and dystonia
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LHON associated with dystonia, which involves involuntary muscle contractions, tremors, and other unctrolled movements. It is caused by mutations in one of three mitochondrial genes: MT-ND1, MT-ND3, MT-ND4, and MT-ND6. Other features that have been associated with this condition include difficulty walking, muscle wasting, scoliosis, dysphagia, dysarthria, intellectual disability, dementia, and spasticity. The dystonia usually begins in childhood; vision loss may begin in early adulthood.Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) with dystonia is a very rare variant of LHON where an individual has
Last updated: 7/7/2011
- Leber Optic Atrophy and Dystonia. Online Mendelian Inheritance of Man (OMIM). December 2009; http://omim.org/entry/500001. Accessed 7/7/2011.
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- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.