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Other Names for this Disease
- Cerebrohepatorenal syndrome
- Zellweger leukodystrophy
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Zellweger spectrum disorders. The signs and symptoms of Zellweger syndrome typically appear during the newborn period and may include poor muscle tone (hypotonia), poor feeding, seizures, hearing loss, vision loss, distinctive facial features, and skeletal abnormalities. Affected children also develop life-threatening problems in other organs and tissues, such as the liver, heart, and kidneys. Children with Zellweger syndrome usually do not survive beyond the first year of life. Zellweger syndrome is caused by mutations in any one of at least 12 genes; mutations in the PEX1 gene are the most common cause. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. There is no cure for Zellweger syndrome; treatment is generally symptomatic and supportive.Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form of a spectrum of conditions called
Last updated: 8/22/2012
- Steinberg SJ, Raymond GV, Braverman NE, Moser AB, Moster HW. Peroxisome Biogenesis Disorders, Zellweger Syndrome Spectrum. GeneReviews. April 26, 2006; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=gene&part=pbd. Accessed 8/25/2009.
- Zellweger spectrum. Genetics Home Reference. April 2010; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/zellweger-spectrum. Accessed 12/29/2011.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Zellweger syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
In Depth Information
- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Zellweger syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The Social Security Administration has included this condition in their Compassionate Allowances Initiative. This initiative speeds up the processing of disability claims for applicants with certain medical conditions that cause severe disability. More information about Compassionate Allowances and applying for Social Security disability is available online.