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Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia


Other Names for this Disease

  • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • Macroglobulinemia of Waldenstrom
  • Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia
  • Waldenstrom's syndrome
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Overview

Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia is a chronic, slow-growing lymphoproliferative disorder.[1] It usually affects older adults and is primarily found in the bone marrow, although lymph nodes and the spleen may be involved. Affected individuals have a high level of an antibody called immunoglobulin M (IgM) in their blood, which can cause thickening of the blood (hyperviscosity).[2] Although some individuals initially do not have symptoms and are diagnosed from routine blood work, common symptoms may include weakness, appetite loss and weight loss. Other symptoms may include peripheral neuropathy, fever, Raynaud's phenomenon, and mental status changes.[1] Hyperviscosity of the blood may cause nosebleeds, headaches, dizziness, and blurring or loss of vision.[2] The cause of the condition is not known but environmental, genetic, and viral factors have been suggested. There have been some reports of familial cases suggesting a genetic predisposition. Treatment is often reserved for those with symptoms and may include various medications including corticosteroids, alkylating agents, biologic response modifiers and purine analogues.[1]
Last updated: 10/1/2013

References

  1. Karen Seiter. Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia. Medscape Reference. January 31, 2012; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/207097-overview. Accessed 10/1/2013.
  2. Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia. Lymphoma Research Foundation. 2012; http://www.lymphoma.org/site/pp.asp?c=bkLTKaOQLmK8E&b=6300163. Accessed 10/1/2013.
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Basic Information

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  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • Macroglobulinemia of Waldenstrom
  • Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia
  • Waldenstrom's syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.