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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Trigeminal neuralgia


Other Names for this Disease

  • Tic Douloureux
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Trigeminal neuralgia is a nerve disorder that causes a stabbing or electric-shock-like pain in parts of the face. The pain may result from a blood vessel pressing against the trigeminal nerve (the nerve that carries pain, feeling, and other sensations from the brain to the skin of the face), as a complication of multiple sclerosis, or due to compression of the nerve by a tumor.  In some cases, the cause is unknown.[1] Treatment options include medicines, surgery, and complementary approaches.[2]  

Last updated: 9/17/2010

References

  1. Dugdale DC, Hoch DB. Trigeminal neuralgia. MedlinePlus. 2010; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000742.htm. Accessed 9/13/2010.
  2. Trigeminal Neuralgia Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2010; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/trigeminal_neuralgia/detail_trigeminal_neuralgia.htm. Accessed 9/13/2010.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Trigeminal neuralgia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
  • eMedicine has 4 articles on this topic from the perspective of Ophthalmology, Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Emergency Medicine. You may need to register to view the information online, but registration is free. Click on the links above to view the articles from this medical reference Web site.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Tic Douloureux
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.