Other Names for this Disease
- Adenitis, salivary gland
- Salivary gland inflammation
Your QuestionI have just been diagnosed with sialadenitis. What is the standard treatment? Any information you could provide about this condition would be appreciated.
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Although less common than bacteria, several viruses have also been implicated in sialadenitis. These include the mumps virus, HIV, coxsackievirus, parainfluenza types I and II, influenza A, and herpes.
Treatment is not always necessary. If there is pus or a fever, or if the infection is known or thought to be bacterial, antibiotics may be prescribed. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. If there is an abscess, surgical drainage or aspiration may be done. Good oral hygiene, with thorough tooth brushing and flossing at least twice per day, may aid healing and help prevent an infection from spreading. Smokers are encouraged to stop smoking, as it helps in recovery. Warm salt water rinses (1/2 teaspoon of salt in one cup of water) may be soothing and keep the mouth moist. Drinking lots of water and using sugar-free lemon drops may help to increase the flow of saliva and reduce swelling. Massaging the gland with heat may also help.
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- Sialadenitis. Columbia University College of Dental Medicine. 2010; http://www.simplestepsdental.com/SS/ihtSS/r.WSIHW000/st.32219/t.34879/pr.3.html. Accessed 9/4/2010.
- Salivary Gland Disorders. Harvard Medical School. 2007; http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtPrint/WSIHW000/9339/31106.html?hide=t&k=basePrint. Accessed 9/4/2010.
- Sialadenitis. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2005; http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Sialadenitis. Accessed 9/4/2010.
- Yoskovitch A. Submandibular Sialadenitis/Sialadenosis. eMedicine. 2009; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/882358-overview. Accessed 9/4/2010.
- Demetroulakos JL. Salivary gland infection. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001041.htm. Accessed 9/4/2010.