Multiple system atrophy (MSA) with orthostatic hypotension
Other Names for this Disease
- Multiple system atrophy with autonomic failure
- Orthostatic hypotension, bladder and bowel incontinence, anhidrosis, iris atrophy, amyotrophy, ataxia, rigidity and tremor
- Shy-Drager syndrome
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 The cause of multiple system atrophy is unknown, although environmental toxins, trauma, and genetic factors have been suggested. There is no cure for this condition, and there is no known way to prevent the disease from getting worse. The goal of treatment is to control symptoms.Multiple system atrophy with orthostatic hypotension is the current classification for a neurological disorder that was once called Shy-Drager syndrome. A progressive disorder of the central and autonomic nervous systems, it is characterized by orthostatic hypotension (an excessive drop in blood pressure when standing up) which causes dizziness or fainting. Multiple system atrophy can occur without orthostatic hypotension, but it is rare. Doctors classify the disorder into 3 types: the Parkinsonian-type includes symptoms of Parkinson's disease such as slow movement, stiff muscles, and tremor; the cerebellar-type, which causes problems with coordination and speech; and the combined-type, which includes symptoms of both parkinsonism and cerebellar failure.
Last updated: 10/7/2010
- NINDS Multiple System Atrophy with Orthostatic Hypotension Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2007; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/msa_orthostatic_hypotension/msa_orthostatic_hypotension.htm. Accessed 10/6/2010.
- Diedrich A, Robertson D. Multiple System Atrophy. eMedicine. 2010; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1154583-overview. Accessed 10/6/2010.
- Multiple system atrophy. MedlinePlus. 2008; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000757.htm. Accessed 10/6/2010.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Multiple system atrophy (MSA) with orthostatic hypotension. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.