* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
- Sarcoid of Boeck
- Schaumann's disease
Your QuestionMy friend has been diagnosed with Boeck's sarcoidosis. What is it? What can be done and how does it work? What natural therapy can be used?
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Questions on this page
- What is sarcoidosis?
- What causes sarcoidosis?
- What symptoms are associated with sarcoidosis?
- What treatment is available for sarcoidosis?
- Is there any information about alternative therapies for sarcoidosis?
- Is there an institute at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that may be able to provide information about alternative therapies for sarcoidosis?
Shortness of breath (dyspnea) and a cough that won't go away can be among the first symptoms of sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis can also show up suddenly with the appearance of skin rashes. Red bumps (erythema nodosum) on the face, arms, or shins, and inflammation of the eyes are also common symptoms. It is not unusual, however, for sarcoidosis symptoms to be more general. Weight loss, fatigue, night sweats, fever, or just an overall feeling of ill health can also be clues to the disease.
- Lymph glands
- Nervous system, including the brain
- Musculoskeletal system (the muscles and bones in the body)
- the symptoms present
- the severity of the symptoms
- whether any of vital organs (e.g., your lungs, eyes, heart, or brain) are affected
- how the organ is affected.
Some organs must be treated, regardless of your symptoms. Others may not need to be treated. Usually, if a patient doesn't have symptoms, he or she doesn't need treatment, and probably will recover in time. 
Currently, the drug that is most commonly used to treat sarcoidosis is prednisone. When a patient's condition gets worse when taking prednisone or when the side effects of prednisone are severe in the patient, a doctor may prescribe other drugs. Most of these other drugs are immune system suppresants. This means that they prevent one's immune system from fighting things like bacteria and viruses. These other drugs include: hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), methotrexate, azathioprine (Imuran), and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan). Other drugs being studied for possible use in treating sarcoidosis include: etanercept (Enbrel), infliximab (remicaide), pentoxifylline, tetracycline, thalidomide.
More detailed information about the treatment of sarcoidosis can be found at the following links:
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Web site has a page for locating libraries in your area that can provide direct access to these journals (print or online). The Web page also describes how you can get these articles through interlibrary loan and Loansome Doc (an NLM document-ordering service). You can access this page at the following link http://nnlm.gov/members/. You can also contact the NLM toll-free at 888-346-3656 to locate libraries in your area.
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Clearinghouse (NCCAM)
P.O. Box 7923
Gaithersburg, MD 20898
Web site: http://nccam.nih.gov
- Sarcoidosis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. June 2007; http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/sarc/sar_whatis.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.
- Sarcoidosis. MayoClinic.com. July 15, 2008; http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sarcoidosis/DS00251. Accessed 2/10/2009.
- Sarcoidosis. MedlinePlus. January 13, 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sarcoidosis.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.
- Sarcoidosis. American Lung Association Web site. 2009; http://www.lungusa.org/site/apps/nlnet/content3.aspx?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=4294229&ct=3052595. Accessed 2/10/2009.
- Podlipsky Gould K, Callen JP. Sarcoidosis. eMedicine. May 12, 2008; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1123970-overview. Accessed 2/10/2009.
- Sarcoidosis. Merck Manual. November 2005; http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec05/ch056/ch056a.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.