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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Sarcoidosis

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease

  • Sarcoid of Boeck
  • Schaumann's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the development and growth of tiny lumps of cells called granulomas. If these tiny granulomas grow and clump together in an organ, they can affect how the organ works, leading to the symptoms of sarcoidosis.[1] The granulomas can be found in almost any part of the body, but occur more commonly in the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes, skin, and liver.[1][2][3] Although no one is sure what causes sarcoidosis, it is thought by most scientists to be a disorder of the immune system.[3] The course of the disease varies from person to person. It often goes away on its own, but in some people symptoms of sarcoidosis may last a lifetime. For those who need treatment, anti-inflammatory medications can help.[2]
Last updated: 3/30/2010

References

  1. Sarcoidosis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. June 2007; http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/sarc/sar_whatis.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.
  2. Sarcoidosis. MayoClinic.com. July 15, 2008; http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sarcoidosis/DS00251. Accessed 2/10/2009.
  3. Sarcoidosis. MedlinePlus. January 13, 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sarcoidosis.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

3 question(s) from the public on Sarcoidosis have been answered. See questions and answers. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

  • DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
  • The MayoClinic.com provides information about Sarcoidosis. Click on the above link to access this information.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides leadership for a national program in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lung, and blood; blood resources; and sleep disorders. Since October 1997, the NHLBI has also had administrative responsibility for the NIH Woman's Health Initiative. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

General Information

In Depth Information

  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Sarcoidosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
  • eMedicine has six articles on this topic from the perspective of Dermatology, Emergency Medicine, Neurology, Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Pulmonology. You may need to register to view the information online, but registration is free. Click on the links above to view the articles from this medical reference Web site.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Sarcoid of Boeck
  • Schaumann's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.