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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Rasmussen encephalitis


Other Names for this Disease
  • RE
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Cause


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What causes Rasmussen encephalitis?

The underlying cause of Rasmussen encephalitis remains unknown. Current evidence suggests that autoimmune processes are responsible for the damage to the brain cells.[1][2] In most patients, the trigger of the abnormal immune response is unclear, although it may follow an otherwise minor bacterial or viral infection or head injury.[3]  Rasmussen encephalitis is a sporadic disease. It has not been associated with any particular environments or populations and cannot be caught from others.[2] Research is underway to help better understand the underlying cause.[1][2]
Last updated: 3/22/2012

References
  1. NINDS Rasmussen's Encephalitis Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). December 19, 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/rasmussen/rasmussen.htm. Accessed 3/22/2012.
  2. Frequently Asked Questions by Parents of Children with Rasmussen's Encephalitis (RE). RE Children's Project. Janurary 2012; http://rechildrens.org/images/stories/RE_FAQ_Jan_2012.pdf. Accessed 3/22/2012.
  3. Hart I. Rasmussen Encephalitis . The Encephalitis Society. July 2005; http://www.encephalitis.info/Info/TheIllness/TypesEncephalitis/PostInfectious/Rasmussen.html. Accessed 3/22/2012.