Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.


Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Print friendly version

Rasmussen encephalitis

Other Names for this Disease
  • RE
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.


Newline Maker

What causes Rasmussen encephalitis?

The underlying cause of Rasmussen encephalitis remains unknown. Current evidence suggests that autoimmune processes are responsible for the damage to the brain cells.[1][2] In most patients, the trigger of the abnormal immune response is unclear, although it may follow an otherwise minor bacterial or viral infection or head injury.[3]  Rasmussen encephalitis is a sporadic disease. It has not been associated with any particular environments or populations and cannot be caught from others.[2] Research is underway to help better understand the underlying cause.[1][2]
Last updated: 3/22/2012

  1. NINDS Rasmussen's Encephalitis Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). December 19, 2011; Accessed 3/22/2012.
  2. Frequently Asked Questions by Parents of Children with Rasmussen's Encephalitis (RE). RE Children's Project. Janurary 2012; Accessed 3/22/2012.
  3. Hart I. Rasmussen Encephalitis . The Encephalitis Society. July 2005; Accessed 3/22/2012.