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Other Names for this Disease
- Acrocephalosyndactyly, type 5
- Pfeiffer type acrocephalosyndactyly
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craniosynostosis, which prevents normal skull growth and affects the shape of the head and face; distinctive facial features including bulging and wide-set eyes, a high forehead, an underdeveloped upper jaw, and a beaked nose; hearing loss; and dental problems. Other features may include broad and deviated thumbs and great toes; brachydactyly; and syndactyly. It is caused by mutations in the FGFR1 or FGFR2 genes and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The syndrome is divided into 3 subtypes (types 1, 2 and 3) based on the presence and severity of signs and symptoms. Management typically includes various surgical interventions.Pfeiffer syndrome is a disorder that affects the bones in the skull, hands and feet. Signs and symptoms can include
Last updated: 5/2/2011
- Pfeiffer syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. February 2008; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/pfeiffer-syndrome. Accessed 5/2/2011.
- Nathaniel H Robin, Marni J Falk, Chad R Haldeman-Englert. FGFR-Related Craniosynostosis Syndromes. GeneReviews. September 27, 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1455/#craniosynostosis.Management. Accessed 7/1/2011.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Pfeiffer syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
In Depth Information
- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Pfeiffer syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.