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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Multiple myeloma


Other Names for this Disease

  • Kahler disease
  • Myeloma - multiple
  • Myelomatosis
  • Plasma cell dyscrasia
  • Plasma cell myeloma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Tests & Diagnosis

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How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?

Blood tests can help diagnose this disease. They may include:[1]

  • Blood tests to check calcium level, total protein level, and kidney function
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood and urine tests to check to identify proteins, or antibodies (immunofixation)
  • Blood tests to measure the specific level of certain proteins called immunoglobulins (nephelometry)

Additionally, bone x-rays may show fractures or hollowed out areas of bone. A bone marrow biopsy may also be performed. Bone density testing may show bone loss.[1]
Last updated: 7/8/2011

References
  1. Multiple Myeloma. MedlinePlus. February 2011; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000583.htm. Accessed 7/6/2011.


Testing

  • The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Kahler disease
  • Myeloma - multiple
  • Myelomatosis
  • Plasma cell dyscrasia
  • Plasma cell myeloma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.