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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Multiple myeloma

Other Names for this Disease
  • Kahler disease
  • Myeloma - multiple
  • Myelomatosis
  • Plasma cell dyscrasia
  • Plasma cell myeloma
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Tests & Diagnosis

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How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?

Blood tests can help diagnose this disease. They may include:[1]

  • Blood tests to check calcium level, total protein level, and kidney function
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood and urine tests to check to identify proteins, or antibodies (immunofixation)
  • Blood tests to measure the specific level of certain proteins called immunoglobulins (nephelometry)

Additionally, bone x-rays may show fractures or hollowed out areas of bone. A bone marrow biopsy may also be performed. Bone density testing may show bone loss.[1]
Last updated: 7/8/2011

  1. Multiple Myeloma. MedlinePlus. February 2011; Accessed 7/6/2011.


  • The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.