Other Names for this Disease
- Melnick-Needles osteodysplasty
- Osteodysplasty of Melnick and Needles
People with this condition usually have short stature, an abnormal curvature of the spine (scoliosis), partial dislocation (subluxation) of certain joints, and unusually long fingers and toes. They may have bowed limbs; underdeveloped, irregular ribs that can cause problems with breathing; and other abnormal or absent bones. Characteristic facial features may include bulging eyes with prominent brow ridges, excess hair growth on the forehead, round cheeks, a very small lower jaw and chin (micrognathia), and misaligned teeth. One side of the face may appear noticeably different from the other (facial asymmetry). Some individuals with this disorder have hearing loss.
In addition to skeletal abnormalities, individuals with Melnick-Needles syndrome may have obstruction of the ducts between the kidneys and bladder (ureters) or heart defects. Males with Melnick-Needles syndrome generally have much more severe signs and symptoms than females and in almost all cases die before or soon after birth.
- Melnick-Needles syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. November 2007; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/melnick-needles-syndrome. Accessed 11/2/2010.