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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • Alcohol induced encephalopathy
  • Korsakoff's amnesic syndrome
  • Transketolase defect
  • Wernicke's encephalopathy
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Symptoms


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What are the signs and symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

The symptoms of Wernicke encephalopathy include mental confusion, vision problems (including double vision, abnormal eye movements, and eyelid drooping), inability to think clearly, coma, hypothermia, hypotension, and loss of muscle coordination (ataxia). The symptoms of Korsakoff's amnesia include loss of memory, inability to form new memories, making of stories (confabulation), seeing or hearing things that are not really there (hallucinations), disorientation, and vision impairment. The main features of Korsakoff's amnesic syndrome are impairments in acquiring new information or establishing new memories, and in retrieving previous memories.[1][2]
Last updated: 10/20/2011

References
  1. NINDS Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). February 14, 2007; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/wernicke_korsakoff/wernicke-korsakoff.htm. Accessed 10/20/2011.
  2. Dugdale DC. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. MedlinePlus. February 2010; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000771.htm. Accessed 10/20/2011.