Other Names for this Disease
- Hiccups, intractable
- Intractable hiccups
- Intractable singultus
- Persistent hiccups
Your QuestionI have experienced several bouts of hiccups that go on for several weeks to months with no relief. I have had all of the normal tests to determine a cause, but no cause has been identified. I also have other stomach problems. What causes intractable hiccups? What tests may be conducted to determine the underlying cause of intractable hiccups? Can intractable hiccups be related to other stomach problems? How might intractable hiccups be treated?
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Questions on this page
- What are chronic hiccups?
- What causes chronic hiccups?
- What tests can be done to determine the cause of chronic hiccups?
- Can chronic hiccups be associated with other problems involving the stomach?
- How might chronic hiccups be treated?
- What types of doctors may be able to assist in determining the underlying cause and/or treatment of chronic hiccups?
Some additional causes include:
There are many known causes of chronic hiccups, among which the most prominent is esophagitis due to gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). Other cases occur in association with central nervous system problems or result from serious pathophysiological processes affecting a component of the hiccup reflex mechanism. A full systemic inquiry, surgical history, and comprehensive drug history may reveal one of the many causes.You can click on the links below to access comprehensive listings of the causes of chronic hiccups.
Medscape Reference provides a listing of the tests that may be done in the process of diagnosing chronic hiccups.
- Hiccups, Chronic. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2005; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/708/viewAbstract. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Wilkes G. Hiccups. eMedicine. July 2010; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/775746-overview. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Vorvick L. Hiccups. MedlinePlus. January 2011; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003068.htm. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Cabane J. Chronic hiccup. Orphanet. 2004; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=396. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- What Causes Hiccups?. KidsHealth from Nemours. October 2011; http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/hiccup.html. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Cabane J. Chronic hiccup. Orphanet . July 2004; http://www.orpha.net/data/patho/Pro/en/ChronicHiccup-FRenPro8031.pdf. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Lierz P, Felleiter P. Anesthesia as Therapy for Persistent Hiccups. Anestesia & Analgesia. 2002; http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/content/95/2/494.long. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Greenberger NJ. Hiccups. The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. 2008; http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec02/ch007/ch007d.html. Accessed 3/12/2010.
- Marsot-Dupuch K, Bousson V, Cabane J, Tubiana JM. Am J Neuroradiol. 1995; http://www.ajnr.org/cgi/reprint/16/10/2093. Accessed 3/12/2010.