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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Glutaric acidemia type II


Other Names for this Disease
  • EMA
  • Ethylmalonic-adipicaciduria
  • GA 2
  • Glutaric acidemia 2
  • Glutaric acidemia type 2
More Names
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Treatment


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How might glutaric acidemia type II be treated?

The goal of treatment is to prevent long-term problems. However, children who have repeated metabolic crises may develop life-long learning problems. Individuals with glutaric acidemia type II should consult with a metabolic doctor and a dietician who can help to develop an appropriate dietary plan. Some treatments may be recommended for some children but not for others. When necessary, treatment should be continued throughout the lifetime. The following treatments are often recommended:[1]

    -Avoidance of fasting. Infants and young children with glutaric acidemia type II should eat frequent meals in order to prevent hypoglycemia and metabolic crises.
    -A low-fat, low-protein, high-carbohydrate diet may be advised.
    -Riboflavin, L-carnitine and glycine supplements may be needed. These supplements help the body create energy.
    -Alert the child's doctor if they should become ill, as illness can trigger a metabolic crisis.

Last updated: 8/16/2013

References
  1. Glutaric acidemia, type 2. STAR-G Genetic Fact Sheets For Parents. 2008; http://www.newbornscreening.info/Parents/fattyaciddisorders/GA2.html. Accessed 11/14/2011.