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The main goal of treatment for glossopharyngeal neuralgia is to control pain. Over-the-counter pain medications are generally not very effective in affected individuals. However, anti-seizure medications such as carbamazepine, gabapentin, pregabalin, and phenytoin have reportedly been effective. Some antidepressants may help some individuals. The application of local anesthetics to the affected region may also be beneficial. In severe cases, affected individuals may need surgery to cut or take pressure off of the glossopharyngeal nerve; these surgeries are generally considered effective. If an underlying cause for the condition is identified, treatment is generally aimed at the underlying problem.
Last updated: 1/28/2013
- Glossopharyngeal neuralgia. MedlinePlus. May 21, 2012; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001636.htm. Accessed 1/28/2013.
- Zahid H Bajwa, Charles C Ho, Sajid A Khan. Overview of craniofacial pain. UpToDate. Waltham, MA: UpToDate; 2013;