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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Empty sella syndrome


Other Names for this Disease

  • Empty sella turcica
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Prognosis

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What is the long-term outlook for people with empty sella syndrome?

Empty sella syndrome (ESS) is not a life-threatening illness.[1] In most cases, especially in people with primary ESS, there are no symptoms and it does not affect life expectancy.[2][3] ESS is often found incidentally on an X-ray when people are being evaluated for other reasons. Therefore, many people with ESS are probably never diagnosed. Some researchers have estimated that less than 1% of affected people ever develop symptoms of the condition.[2]

People with normal pituitary function usually do not need any treatment. Some people (particularly those with secondary ESS) may need hormone replacement therapy. In a few cases, surgery may be needed to repair the sella turcica.[3]

If a person has ESS that is associated with an underlying condition, the long-term outlook (prognosis) may depend on that of the specific condition present.
Last updated: 6/23/2014

References
  1. Empty Sella Syndrome Information Page. NINDS. November 21, 2013; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/emptysella/emptysella.htm. Accessed 6/19/2014.
  2. Empty Sella Syndrome. NORD. February 7, 2013; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/635/viewAbstract. Accessed 6/19/2014.
  3. Empty Sella Syndrome. MedlinePlus. May 16, 2014; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000349.htm. Accessed 6/23/2014.


Other Names for this Disease
  • Empty sella turcica
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.