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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Ectodermal dysplasia


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Overview

Ectodermal dysplasias (ED) are a group of about 150 heritable disorders that affect the ectoderm, a layer of tissue that contributes to the formation of many parts of the body, including the skin, sweat glands, hair, teeth, and nails. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include dental abnormalities; brittle, sparse or absent hair; abnormal fingernails; inability to perspire (hypohidrosis); various skin problems; and other symptoms. Different types of ectodermal dysplasias are caused by mutations in different genes, and can be inherited in a variety of ways. There are no cures for ED, but many treatments are available to address the individual symptoms.[1]
Last updated: 4/27/2011

References

  1. About Ectodermal Dysplasias. National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias. 2010; http://nfed.org/index.php/about_ed/about-ectodermal-dysplasias. Accessed 4/21/2011.
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Basic Information

  • Family Village is a global community that integrates information, resources, and communication opportunities on the Internet for persons with cognitive and other disabilities, for their families, and for those who provide services and support. Click on Family Villiage to view a resource page on ectodermal dysplasia.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Ectodermal dysplasia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.