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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Chagas disease

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease

  • American trypanosomiasis
  • New world trypanosomiasis
  • South American trypanosomiasis
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Overview

What is Chagas disease?

What is Chagas disease?

Chagas disease is caused by the parasiteTrypanosoma cruzi. When a triatomine bug (commonly known as a "kissing bug") infected with this parasite bites you, usually on your face, it leaves behind infected waste which can be spread into your eyes, nose, or a wound. Chagas disease can also spread through contaminated food, a blood transfusion, a donated organ or from mother to baby during pregnancy. Symptoms can include fever, flu-like symptoms, a rash or swollen eyelid. Early symptoms usually go away but if not treated, the infection can later cause serious intestinal and heart problems. Chagas disease is common in Latin America but not in the United States.[1]
Last updated: 3/4/2014

References
  1. US National Library of Medicine. Chagas Disease. Medlineplus. February 25, 2014; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/chagasdisease.html. Accessed 3/4/2014.


Other Names for this Disease
  • American trypanosomiasis
  • New world trypanosomiasis
  • South American trypanosomiasis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.