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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Birdshot chorioretinopathy

Other Names for this Disease
  • BSCR
  • Multiple small, cream-colored lesions, symmetrically scattered mainly around the optic disk
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Birdshot chorioretinopathy is an eye condition in which painless, light-colored spots develop on the retina.  These spots are scattered in a "birdshot" pattern.  The effects of this condition on vision are quite variable; some individuals' vision is only mildly affected, whereas others experience a significant decline in vision, the appearance of floaters (small specks that appear in one's line of sight), night blindness, and other vision problems.  Symptoms typically begin around middle age; Caucasians are affected more than individuals of other ethnicities.  The cause of birdshot chorioretinopathy is currently unknown, but it is suspected to be an autoimmune disease.  Treatment may include medications that aim to regulate the body's immune response.[1]
Last updated: 3/21/2013


  1. Samson CM. Birdshot Retinopathy. Medscape Reference. November 2011; Accessed 3/21/2012.
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  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
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  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Birdshot chorioretinopathy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.