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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Essential tremor

Other Names for this Disease
  • Benign essential tremor
  • Familial essential tremor
  • Hereditary essential tremor
  • Presenile tremor syndrome
  • Tremor, hereditary essential, 1
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How might essential tremor be treated?

Treatment for essential tremor may not be necessary unless the tremors interfere with daily activities or cause embarrassment.[1] Although there is no definitive cure for essential tremor, medicines may help relieve symptoms.[2][1] How well medicines work depend on the individual patient.[1] Two medications used to treat tremors include:[2][1]
  • Propranolol, a drug that blocks the action of stimulating substances called neurotransmitters, particularly those related to adrenaline
  • Primidone, an antiseizure drug that also control the function of some neurotransmitters

These drugs can have significant side effects.[1]

Eliminating tremor "triggers" such as caffeine and other stimulants from the diet is often recommended. Physical therapy may help to reduce tremor and improve coordination and muscle control for some patients.[2]
More details about the management of essential tremor can be accessed through the following web links:

Last updated: 5/6/2013

  1. Essential tremor. MedlinePlus. 2011; Accessed 5/5/2013.
  2. NINDS Essential Tremor Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2013; Accessed 5/5/2013.

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • lists trials that are studying or have studied Essential tremor. Click on the link to go to to read descriptions of these studies.