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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Bell's palsy


Other Names for this Disease

  • Antoni's palsy
  • Bell palsy
  • Facial cranial nerve paralysis
  • Facial nerve palsy
  • Facial palsy
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Bell's palsy is a nonprogressive neurological disorder of one of the facial nerves. This disorder is characterized by the sudden onset of facial paralysis that may be preceded by a slight fever, pain behind the ear on the affected side, a stiff neck, and weakness and/or stiffness on one side of the face. Paralysis results from decreased blood supply (ischemia) and/or compression of the 7th cranial nerve. The exact cause of Bell's palsy is not known. Viral (e.g., herpes zoster virus) and immune disorders are frequently implicated as a cause for this disorder. There may also be an inherited tendency toward developing Bell's palsy.[1] While there is no cure or standard course of treatment for Bell's palsy, eliminating the source of the nerve damage typically results in a good prognosis.[2]
Last updated: 1/12/2010

References

  1. Bell's Palsy . National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2005; http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Bell%27s%20Palsy.
  2. NINDS Bell's Palsy Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2009; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/bells/bells.htm. Accessed 1/12/2010.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Bell's palsy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Antoni's palsy
  • Bell palsy
  • Facial cranial nerve paralysis
  • Facial nerve palsy
  • Facial palsy
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.