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Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Other Names for this Disease
- Acquired autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- Anemia hemolytic autoimmune
- Familial auto-immune hemolytic anemia (subtype)
- Idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- Immuno-hemolytic anemia
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Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) occurs when your immune system makes antibodies that attack your red blood cells. This causes a drop in the number of red blood cells, leading to hemolytic anemia. Symptoms may include unusual weakness and fatigue with tachycardia and breathing difficulties, jaundice, dark urine and/or splenomegaly. AIHA can be primary (idiopathic) or result from an underlying disease or medication. The condition may develop gradually or occur suddenly. There are two main types of autoimmune hemolytic anemia: warm antibody hemolytic anemia and cold antibody hemolytic anemia. Treatment may include corticosteroids such as prednisone, splenectomy, immunosuppressive drugs and/or blood transfusions.
- Idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia. MedlinePlus. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000579.htm. Accessed December 19, 2012.
- Michel M. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Orphanet. http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/Disease_Search.php?lng=EN&data_id=13392. Accessed December 19, 2012.
- Lichtin AE. Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia. Merck Manual. http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/blood_disorders/anemia/autoimmune_hemolytic_anemia.html. Accessed December 19, 2012.
- Types of Hemolytic Anemia. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ha/types.html. Accessed December 19, 2012.
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- The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides leadership for a national program in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lung, and blood; blood resources; and sleep disorders. Since October 1997, the NHLBI has also had administrative responsibility for the NIH Woman's Health Initiative. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
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- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.