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Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
Other Names for this Disease
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
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Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an inherited heart condition in which the muscle of the right ventricle of the heart is replaced by fat and/or scar tissue. The condition is progressive and over time the right ventricle loses the ability to pump blood. Individuals with ARVD often develop abnormal heart rhythms known as arrhythmias, which can increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest or death. Other symptoms of ARVD include chest palpitations, dizziness, fainting and shortness of breath. Often, sudden cardiac death can be the first sign of ARVD. ARVD is caused by genetic mutations in genes that instruct proteins to link one heart cell to the next. There is also some evidence that ARVD could be caused by an infection of the heart muscle. Treatment options can vary by patient and may include anti-arrhythmogenic medication, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and catheter ablation.
- Cleveland Clinic. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD). http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/disorders/heartfailure/arvd.aspx. Accessed January 28, 2013.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine. Symptoms and Diagnosis. ARVD. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/heart_vascular_institute/clinical_services/centers_excellence/arvd/symptoms_diagnosis/patients/index.html. Accessed January 28, 2013.
- Eric Anderson. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia. American Family Physician. April 2006. http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1391.html. Accessed January 28, 2013.
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- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.