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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia


Other Names for this Disease

  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • ARVC
  • ARVD
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Overview

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an inherited heart condition in which the muscle of the right ventricle of the heart is replaced by fat and/or scar tissue. The condition is progressive and over time the right ventricle loses the ability to pump blood.[1] Individuals with ARVD often develop abnormal heart rhythms known as arrhythmias, which can increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest or death. Other symptoms of ARVD include chest palpitations, dizziness, fainting and shortness of breath. Often, sudden cardiac death can be the first sign of ARVD. ARVD is caused by genetic mutations in genes that instruct proteins to link one heart cell to the next. There is also some evidence that ARVD could be caused by an infection of the heart muscle. Treatment options can vary by patient and may include anti-arrhythmogenic medication, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and catheter ablation.[2][3]
Last updated: 1/30/2013

References

  1. Cleveland Clinic. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD). March 2010; http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/disorders/heartfailure/arvd.aspx. Accessed 1/28/2013.
  2. Johns Hopkins Medicine. Symptoms and Diagnosis. ARVD. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/heart_vascular_institute/clinical_services/centers_excellence/arvd/symptoms_diagnosis/patients/index.html. Accessed 1/28/2013.
  3. Eric Anderson. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia. American Family Physician. April 2006; 8:1391-1398. http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1391.html. Accessed 1/28/2013.
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  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • ARVC
  • ARVD
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.