Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.

Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Print friendly version

Albinism


See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Albinism is a group of inherited disorders that results in little or no production of the pigment melanin, which determines the color of the skin, hair and eyes. Melanin also plays a role in the development of certain optical nerves, so all forms of albinism cause problems with the development and function of the eyes. Other symptoms can include light skin or changes in skin color; very white to brown hair; very light blue to brown eye color that may appear red in some light and may change with age; sensitivity to sun exposure; and increased risk of developing skin cancer. Albinism is caused by mutations in one of several genes, and most types are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Although there's no cure, people with the disorder can take steps to improve vision and avoid too much sun exposure.[1]
Last updated: 4/8/2011

References

  1. Albinism. Mayo Clinic. April 2, 2011; http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/albinism/DS00941. Accessed 4/8/2011.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

Please contact us with your questions about Albinism. We will answer your question and update these pages with new resources and information.

Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it¬†provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.¬†

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Albinism. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.