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Other Names for this Disease
- Esophageal achalasia
- Primary achalasia
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 It is characterized by enlargement of the esophagus, impaired ability of the esophagus to push food down toward the stomach (peristalsis), and failure of the ring-shaped muscle at the bottom of the esophagus (the lower esophageal sphincter) to relax. Achalasia is caused by damage to the nerves of the esophagus. Treatment is aimed at reducing the pressure at the lower esophageal sphincter and may include Botox, medications, or surgery.Achalasia is a disorder of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
Last updated: 7/20/2011
- Dugdale DC, Longstreth GF. Achalasia. MedlinePlus. January 10, 2010; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000267.htm. Accessed 7/20/2011.
- Achalasia. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2007; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/118/viewAbstract. Accessed 7/20/2011.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic. Click on the link to view this information.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition. Click on the link to view the information.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.