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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Trisomy 2 mosaicism


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Overview


Trisomy 2 mosaicism is a rare chromosome condition caused by the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 2 in a subset of a person’s cells. Many cases of trisomy 2 mosaicism result in spontaneous abortion or miscarriage during pregnancy. In live born infants, signs and symptoms vary widely but generally include poor growth of the baby while in the womb and multiple birth defects.[1] 

Trisomy 2 mosaicism may be encountered during pregnancy as a finding following chorionic villus sampling. In these situations the trisomic cells are most often confined to the placenta and the pregnancy results in a healthy infant. Further investigation is warranted however, because in a small percentage of cases this finding is associated with an increased risk for intrauterine growth restriction  and oligohydramnios.[2] Questions regarding trisomy 2 mosaicism should be discussed with a genetic professional. Click here to visit GeneTests to search for a genetics professional near you.
Last updated: 4/16/2010

References

  1. Gupta S et al. Trisomy 2 mosaicism in hypomelanosis of Ito. Am J Med Genet Part A. 2007;
  2. McKinlay Gardner RJ, Southerland GR. Chromosome Abnormalities and Genetic Counseling. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc; 2004;
  3. Sifakis S, Staboulidou I, Maiz N, Velissariou V, Nicolaides KH. Outcome of pregnancies with trisomy 2 cells in chorionic villi.. Prenat Diagn. 2010 Apr;
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In Depth Information

  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Trisomy 2 mosaicism. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.