Other Names for this Disease
- Adult onset Still disease
- Adult Still's disease
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Adult-onset Still's disease is an inflammatory condition characterized by high fevers, rash, sore throat, and joint pain. As it progresses, adult-onset Still's disease may lead to chronic arthritis and other complications. Still's disease was named after an English doctor named George Still, who described the condition in children in 1896. Still's disease which occurs in children (those under the age of 16) is now known as systemic onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). In 1971, the term "adult Still's disease" was used to describe adults who had a condition similar to systemic onset JRA. The cause of adult-onset Still's disease is unknown. No risk factors for the disease have been identified. There's no cure for adult-onset Still's disease; however, treatment may offer symptom relief and help prevent complications.
Last updated: 8/12/2009
The cause of adult-onset Still’s disease is unknown. Some hypothesize that the condition results from or is triggered by a virus or other infectious agent. Others believe that it is a hypersensitive or autoimmune disorder. To date, no conclusive evidence has been found to prove or disprove either theory.
Last updated: 8/3/2011
Multiple cases of adult-onset Still's disease in families are uncommon; therefore, it's unlikely that this disorder is inherited. However, there may be cases where it is or appears to be inherited. These cases should be evaluated independently by a rheumatologist and/or genetics professional.
Last updated: 7/1/2009
- Adult Still's disease. MayoClinic.com. 2008; http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/adult-stills-disease/DS00792/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print. Accessed 7/1/2009.
- Borigini MJ. Adult Still's disease. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000450.htm. Accessed 7/1/2009.
- Still's Disease. Arthritis Foundation. 2009; http://www.arthritis.org/disease-center.php?disease_id=25&df=causes. Accessed 7/1/2009.
- Information About Still's Disease. International Still's Disease Foundation. 2009; http://www.stillsdisease.org/stills_info.php. Accessed 7/1/2009.