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Oculocutaneous albinism type 2
Other Names for this Disease
- Albinism 2
- Albinism, oculocutaneous, type 2
- Oculocutaneous albinism tyrosinase positive
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melanoma, in people with this condition. This condition also reduces pigmentation of the colored part of the eye (the iris) and the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (the retina). People with this condition usually have vision problems such as reduced sharpness; nystagmus and strabismus; and increased sensitivity to light (photophobia). This condition is caused by mutations in the OCA2 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion.Oculocutaneous albinism type 2 is a genetic condition that affects the coloring (pigmentation) of the skin, hair, and eyes. Affected individuals typically have very fair skin and white or light-colored hair. Long-term sun exposure greatly increases the risk of skin damage and skin cancers, including an aggressive form of skin cancer called
Last updated: 9/19/2011
- Oculocutaneous albinism. Genetics Home Reference. March 2007; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/oculocutaneous-albinism. Accessed 10/15/2012.
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- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Oculocutaneous albinism type 2. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
In Depth Information
- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Oculocutaneous albinism type 2. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.