While there is currently no cure for LAM, research has led to major progress in the treatment of symptoms, and diagnosing and understanding LAM. There are a number of treatments that may relieve symptoms or prevent complications from the disease. Treatments vary from patient to patient, depending on the severity of the disease. No all patients have the same response to treatment.
Medicines (e.g., diuretics, hormone therapy, bronchodilators that relax the muscles around the airways)
Oxygen therapy - as lung capacity declines, supplemental or full-time oxygen therapy may become necessary
Sirolimus therapy - Rapamycin (sirolimus) blocks the pathway that is affected in LAM cells, which helps stop their uncontrolled growth. The use of sirolimus therapy may be considered in patients with moderate to severe LAM, or those with progressive disease.
Procedures to remove air or fluid from the chest or abdominal cavities and prevent it from building up again
Procedures to remove angiomyolipoma (AML), or benign kidney tumors
Lung transplantation - a procedure to replace one or both lungs, this should be considered as a last resort due to the risk of serious adverse reactions, including major bleeding, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, long-term infections, and possibly painful scarring.
Since LAM occurs almost exclusively in women of reproductive age, researchers believe the hormone estrogen might be involved in the abnormal muscle cell growth that characterizes the disease. Although there is no direct evidence that there is a relationship between estrogen and LAM, the treatment of LAM has focused on reducing the production or effects of estrogen. This could include estrogen or other hormone suppressing drugs. Additionally, doctors believe pregnancy may accelerate the progression of LAM. Women with LAM are urged to speak with a health care professional before getting pregnant.