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Cerebral cavernous malformation
Other Names for this Disease
- Cavernous angioma
- Cerebral cavernous hemangioma
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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are collections of small blood vessels (capillaries) in the brain that are enlarged and irregular in structure which lead to altered blood flow. Cavernous malformations can occur anywhere in the body, but usually produce serious signs and symptoms only when they occur in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). Cavernous malformations in the brain and/or spinal cord are called cerebral cavernous malformations. Approximately 25 percent of individuals with cerebral cavernous malformations never experience any related medical problems. Other people with cerebral cavernous malformations may experience serious symptoms such as headaches, seizures, paralysis, hearing or vision deficiencies, and bleeding in the brain (cerebral hemorrhage). These malformations can change in size and number over time, but they do not become cancerous. This condition can be sporadic or it can be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Mutations in the KRIT1(CCM1), CCM2, and PDCD10 (CCM3) genes cause cerebral cavernous malformation.
- Cerebral cavernous malformation. Genetic Home Reference. http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cerebral-cavernous-malformation. Accessed December 5, 2012.
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- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Cerebral cavernous malformation. Click on the link to go to GHR and review the information.
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- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
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- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cerebral cavernous malformation. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Cerebral cavernous malformation. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.