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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Oculocutaneous albinism


Other Names for this Disease

  • Albinism, Oculocutaneous
  • OCA
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Oculocutaneous albinism is a group of conditions that affect the coloring of the hair and eyes.  Individuals affected by oculocutaneous albinism have very light skin and light-colored irises; they may also have vision problems such as decreased sharpness of vision, rapid eye movements (nystagmus), crossed eyes (strabismus), or increased sensitivity to light (photophobia).  All types of oculocutaneous albinism are caused by gene mutations that are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.  Treatment includes covering the skin from sun exposure by using sunscreen and protective clothing and attending to vision problems by wearing glasses.[1]
Last updated: 10/17/2012

References

  1. Oculocutaneous albinism. Genetics Home Reference. March 2007; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/oculocutaneous-albinism. Accessed 10/15/2012.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Oculocutaneous albinism. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Oculocutaneous albinism. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Albinism, Oculocutaneous
  • OCA
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.