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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Neuroacanthocytosis


Other Names for this Disease

  • Neuroacanthocytosis syndrome
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Treatment

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How might neuroacanthocytosis be treated?

There is currently no cure for neuroacanthocytosis. Management generally focuses on the specific symptoms that are present in each individual and may require the coordination of various specialists. Psychiatric symptoms and chorea may be treated with certain antipsychotic medications known as dopamine-receptor blocking drugs. Other antipsychotic medications as well as antidepressants and/or sedatives may also be used to treat some affected individuals. Seizures may be treated with anti-convulsants, which may also help to treat psychiatric symptoms. Anti-seizure medications that can can worsen involuntary movements are generally avoided. Dystonia has been treated with botulinum toxin to relax the muscles and reduce spasms. Because of feeding difficulties in some cases, individuals may need to have their nutrition monitored. Nutritional support, supplementation and/or a feeding tube may be necessary in some cases. Additional therapies that may be used to treat affected individuals may include speech therapy, physical therapy and occupational therapy. Mechanical devices, such as braces or a wheelchair, may benefit some people. Computer-assisted speech devices may be necessary in some cases.[1]

More detailed information about treatment for neuroacanthocytosis is available on eMedicine's Web site and can be viewed by clicking here.
Last updated: 12/28/2011

References
  1. Neuroacanthocytosis. NORD. March 30, 2011; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/975/viewAbstract. Accessed 12/21/2011.


Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Neuroacanthocytosis. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Neuroacanthocytosis syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.