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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Mollaret meningitis


Other Names for this Disease

  • Benign recurrent aseptic meningitis
  • Mollaret's meningitis
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Overview

Mollaret meningitis is a rare type of meningitis that is characterized by repeated episodes of fever, stiff neck (meningismus), muscle aches, and severe headaches separated by weeks or months of no symptoms.  About half of affected individuals may also experience long-term abnormalities of the nervous system that come and go, such as seizures, double vision, abnormal reflexes, some paralysis of a cranial nerve (paresis), hallucinations, or coma.  Mollaret meningitis is poorly understood and the exact cause remains unknown.  However, recent data suggests that herpes simplex virus (HSV-2 and, less frequently, HSV-1) may cause some, if not most cases. Other causes may include trauma and viral infections other than herpes simplex.[1][2]
Last updated: 3/19/2014

References

  1. Ramachandran TS. Aseptic meningitis: other types. eMedicine. March 2011; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1169489-overview#aw2aab6b7. Accessed 2/7/2012.
  2. Types of Meningitis. Meningitis Foundation of America. 2012; http://www.musa.org/types. Accessed 2/7/2012.
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Basic Information

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Other Names for this Disease
  • Benign recurrent aseptic meningitis
  • Mollaret's meningitis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.