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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Hemiplegic migraine


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Overview

Hemiplegic migraine refers to migraine with aura accompanied with motor weakness.[1] Signs and symptoms vary but may include visual disturbance, sensory loss, difficulty with speech, weakness on one side of the body, confusion, and impaired consciousness. Frequency of hemiplegic migraine can vary considerably. It can take time for symptoms to resolve, but permanent motor, sensory, language, or visual symptoms are extremely rare.[2] It can occur as a sporadic or genetic disorder. When inherited, it is passed through families in an autosomal dominant fashion.[1]
Last updated: 8/26/2013

References

  1. Russell MB, Ducros A. Sporadic and familial hemiplegic migraine: pathophysiological mechanisms, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management. Lancet Neurol. May, 2011; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21458376. Accessed 8/26/2013.
  2. Jen JC. Familial Hemiplegic Migraine. GeneReviews. September 2009; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1388/#fhm.Clinical_Description. Accessed 8/26/2013.
  3. Migraine with aura. MayoClinic. June 2013; http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/migraine-with-aura/DS00908/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print. Accessed 8/26/2013.
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See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.