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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Pineal cyst

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* Not a rare disease
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Treatment


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How might symptomatic pineal cysts be treated?

Whether patients with symptomatic pineal cysts should be monitored and/or treated is still unclear.  However, surgery is usually recommended for those people with pineal cysts who have hydrocephalus, worsening neurological symptoms, or enlargement of the cyst over time.[1]  Treatment may include surgery to remove the cyst, sometimes followed by the placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. As of 1993, an alternative treatment option has been aspiration of the contents of the cyst using ultrasound guidance.  More recently, endoscopic procedures have been used.[2]
Last updated: 12/29/2011

References
  1. Taraszewska A, Matyja E, Koszewki W, Zaczynski A, Bardadin K, Czernicki Z. Asymptomatic and symptomatic glial cysts of the pineal gland. Folia Neuropathol. 2008;
  2. Costa F, Fornari M, Valla P, Servello D. Symptomatic Pineal Cyst: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Minim. Invas. Neurosurg.. 2008; 51:231-233.