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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Myoepithelial carcinoma


Other Names for this Disease

  • Malignant myoepithelioma
  • Myoepithelioma carcinoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Your Question

What treatment options are available for myoepithelial carcinoma?  Is there a clinical trial for treatment of this cancer?

Our Answer

We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.

How might myoepithelial carcinoma be treated?

The treatment for metastatic myoepithelial carcinoma usually begins with surgery to remove the main tumor.  Radiation therapy can be used to reduce the chance that the tumor could return in the same location.  Recent studies have shown that neutron-based radiation therapy may be more effective than proton-based radiation therapy for treating myoepithelial cancers.[1]

There is limited evidence about the usefulness of chemotherapy in treating metastatic myoepithelial cancer, and there are no standard treatment guidelines.  However, there are three reports of individuals with metastatic myoepithelial cancer who responded to chemotherapy.  In one individual, the metastatic tumors stopped growing during chemotherapy.[2]  In the other two individuals, there was no evidence of the metastatic tumors after 14 months for one person and after three years for the other person. [3] [4]
Last updated: 12/4/2010

Is there a clinical trial for treatment of myoepithelial cancer?

There is one clinical trial for the treatment of myoepithelial cancer listed on Clinicaltrials.gov.  This study is ongoing, but unfortunately, they are not currently recruiting patients.
Last updated: 12/4/2010

References
Other Names for this Disease
  • Malignant myoepithelioma
  • Myoepithelioma carcinoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.