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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Syringoma

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* Not a rare disease
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Your Question

Are syringomas genetic?

Our Answer

We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.

What are syringomas?

Syringomas are firm yellowish, translucent, or skin colored papules that are often found on the face, particularly around the eyes. They may occur suddenly in crops or multiples. They arise from the sweat ducts. They usually cause no symptoms. They are not associated with underlying abnormality. They are found more commonly in Caucasians, and in females at puberty or near middle-age.[1][2]
Last updated: 8/6/2009

Are syringomas genetic?

A few case reports of syringoma clustering in families have been reported in the medical literature. In these particular families, autosomal dominant inheritance is plausible.  However, little is currently known regarding the genetics of syringoma.[3]
Last updated: 8/6/2009

Who does syringomas most often affect?

Syringomas most commonly affect women, particularly white women at puberty or near middle-age.[1][2] The incidence of syringomas are thought to be higher in Japanese females as well as in individuals with Down syndrome.[1]
Last updated: 8/6/2009

Are syringomas cancerous?

These small tumors are benign (non-cancerous). Rarely do these tumors become malignant (cancerous).
Last updated: 8/6/2009

How are syringomas treated?

People with syringomas have a variety of treatment options, for example pulsed ablative laser (CO2 or erbium) or light electrocoagulation using a fine epilating needle.[2] To learn more about these and other syringoma treatment options we recommend speaking with your healthcare provider.
Last updated: 8/6/2009

How can I find a genetics professional in my area?

Genetics clinics are a source of information for individuals and families regarding genetic conditions, treatment, inheritance, and genetic risks to other family members. More information about genetic consultations is available from Genetics Home Reference. To find a genetics clinic, we recommend that you contact your primary healthcare provider for a referral.

The following online resources can help you find a genetics professional in your community:

Last updated: 6/22/2012

References
  • Guldbakke KK. Woman with translucent to yellow papules. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 Jul;
  • Lee KK, Mehrany K, Swanson NA. Recognition and treatment of skin lesions. In: Cummings. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, Inc; 2005;
  • Syringomas, multiple. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. 1995; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/dispomim.cgi?id=186600. Accessed 8/6/2009.